On Friday 18 Decembver 2009, Iranian troops crossed the border into Iraq and occupied the Fakka oil field in the province of Maysan. The border in this province is largely disputed. Iran denies such an incursion, but Iraq maintains that it occurred and demanded that the Iranian soldiers withdrawÂ immediately. Yet, according to reports, the Iranian flag still flies over the oil field. This step, militarily speaking, is reminiscent of Germany’s annexation of the Sudetenland in 1938. While the Fakka oil field is not a highly fortified position, as the Sudetenland had been, there has been much talk within intelligence communities that Iran may attempt to seize Iraqi oil fields, particularly if the U.S. should withdraw, allowing it control even more oil; dangerous given that Iran is already the world’s 4th largest oil producer. This may be a “test and see” incursion (i.e. to seize the oil field and wait for world response). Given that world powers, with the exception of the United States, have, as of yet, not responded to the Iranian action, this event may prove to embolden Iran, which has already voiced its intentions to continue with its nuclear program and refused to cooperate with the IAEA. Iran’s growth in strength will only serve to further threaten Israel (along with all other nations), given its ability to reach Israel, along with most of Europe with its ballistic missiles; its attempts to develop nuclear weapons, and voiced intentions of using them; and its current policy of funding Shi’ite (and other) militant groups (such as the Lebanese Hezbollah, the Yemeni Houthis, and the Palestinian Hamas).