Israel has a serious water shortage already, and is using up or slowly destroying available resources even as its population grows. Even worse, making peace with either Syria or the Palestinians would seriously jeopardize even the current amount of water available to Israel, and if peace is made with both enemies, will devastate Israel’s water infrastructure and probably destroy its agricultural sector.
I’ve lived in Israel during droughts and have walked so far into the Kinneret because the water level was low, that I understood just how Jesus would have walked on water. I’ve also watched as the Dead Sea has become a shadow of its former self over a period of decades. Israel’s leadership has its head in the sand about water issues, as the State Comptroller has repeatedly indicated but that doesn’t mean there isn’t a problem.
I urge everybody to skim and read some of the articles and content from the following links, and do some googling of your own for more information.
By the way, a good portion of this story is simply mismanagement of resources by the Israeli government.